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Top 10 Aquarium Fish

Top 10 Aquarium Fish for Starters In 2019

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Welcome to the world of Aquarium. The new aquarists often face difficulties choosing the right fish, to begin with. Our goal is to help them select the right one to start. Here, we are going to discuss top 10 aquarium fish for starters. You will also get to know about the characteristics of the top 10 aquarium fish along with some suggestions. We recommend you to take some time to read this informative article and begin with any of the coolest freshwater aquarium fish from the list. Let’s dive into the top 10 aquarium fish and spend some time with them.

1. Guppy Fish

You will find Guppies in the name of one of the most popular fishes for the beginner fish keepers. However, it can be a good choice for experienced fish keepers as well. The scientific name of Guppy is Poecilia reticulata.

 Before you purchase these fishes for your aquarium, we would like to mention some characteristics of the fish, and you will get an idea why it is on the top of the list
Guppy

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Guppy:

  • They come in multiple attractive colors
  • They are easy to maintain
  • Attributes don’t vary from fish to fish
  • Adaptive to different water conditions
  • They can eat frozen or (live) bloodworms, brine shrimps, and Daphnia
  • It's easy to make foods for them on your own, and they can eat fish flakes
  • Without food, they can live more than seven days (We are not recommending you to keep them without diets for so long by this)
  • Males are much more flamboyant and vivacious than the females
  • Males guppies grow up to 1.5 inches, and female guppies grow up to 2 inches

Suggestions:

  • If you want to decorate instead of breeding, then it's better to choose male guppies
  • If you don’t have any intention to breed then don’t put the male and female guppies in the same tank, either they will generate tons of guppies.
  • Each guppy requires 1 liter of water, and we recommend to put 3 to 4 guppies in the same aquarium.
  • The ideal temperature of the water should be 10o to 29o Celsius or 50o-84o Fahrenheit

2. Cherry BARB

You may find the similarity between cherry and the cherry barb regarding color. Most of the time the male cherry barbs are vibrant and colorful like a cherry. It’s also known as a red barb. The scientific name of Cherry Barb is Puntius titteya.

Cherry BARB

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Cherry Barb:

  • It’s a tiny fish, and the size of the body is about 2.5 to 5 cm or 1 to 2 inches
  • It has extended body with an insignificant mouth as well as one pair of barb
  • It can live up to 2 to 5 years
  • Easy to take care
  • Loves to be in a group when they are afraid
  • The males dance in front of their rival when contending with each other
  • They have omnivorous food habit so; they eat almost everything. But, remember as they are small, it will not be possible to swallow large grained food.

Suggestions:

  • The optimal ratio for breeding male: female is 2:1
  • The preferable water temperature is 73°F-81°F or 23°C-27°C
  • Peaceful tank mates are required in terms of nurturing with other fishes
  • At least six cherry barbs in a tank are preferable as they are schooling fish.

3. Platies

Platies are called peaceful community fish as long as there is no hostile fish in the tank. You can nurture them with other fishes in the same tank. They are also popular because of their color availability and simple maintenance process. The scientific name of Platies is Xiphophorus maculatus.

Platies

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Platies:

  • Lots of colors and varieties available to choose the suitable one according to one’s choice
  • Likes to be in a society so, you can nourish them with other non-violent fishes like mollies as well as guppies
  • They don’t require much preservation
  • Omnivorous in terms of food and they can eat almost any kind of flake foods. Besides, they eat algae which may grow in the tank. However, they require herbivorous nourishments mostly.
  • They grow up to 3 inches

Suggestion:

  • The temperature of the water should be 21 to 25o C or 70 to 77o F
  • They can be bred like the guppies putting the male and female in the same tank
  • The tank of Platies should be decorated with rocks, places to hide, caves and artificial trees, etc.

4. Danios

Danios are a great choice for the starter aquarists. They are very active and well performer. You will get to choose between various species. They are known as the Zebrafish. The scientific name of danio is Danio rerio.

Danios

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Danios:

  • They grow up to 6 centimeters or 2 inches
  • Horizontal Stripes in the lateral part of the body makes them look like zebras
  • Peaceful and small in size
  • They are omnivorous and eats live or frozen foods
  • They can live up to 5 years

Suggestions:

  • 64o – 74o F or 18o C to 24o C is the preferable temperatures of the water for danios

5. Sword Tails

The male swordtails carry a sword on their tails which is a long fin on the bottom part of the tail. You can select this fish if you are going to create an aquarium for the first time. The scientific name of Swordtails is Xiphophorous helleri.

Sword Tails

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Sword Tails:

  • It’s a community fish like guppies and Platies. Besides, they flourish in the community tanks
  • Peaceful in nature and flamboyant
  • Various colors available
  • Can adapt themselves in an adverse environment and they are renowned for their hardiness
  • Males grow maximum up to 5.5 inches while females grow up to 6.3 inches
  • They eat algae as well as flake foods like mosquito larvae, brine shrimp, daphnia, etc.

Suggestions:

  • An adult Sword Tail fish requires at least 15 gallons of water
  • For breeding, the male: female ratio is 1:3 or 1:4 as swordtails may love polygamy
  • The temperature of the water should be 18o to 29o C or 65o to 85o F

6. Neon tetra

One of the most popular and small fishes are Neon Tetra. They are very attractive to look at inside the aquarium. Paracheirodon innesi is the Scientific name of Neon tetra.

Neon tetra

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Neon Tetra:

  • Naturally, they can live up to ten years. Aquarium lifespan is five years.Usually, comes with a combination of Silver, light blue, white and Red colors
  • Visible in the dark waters
  • Likes to travel all over the tank with their team
  • Small in size and they grow up to 1.4 inches
  • They are omnivorous and eat almost anything but needs to be sliced into tiny pieces. For example, they eat bloodworm, black worm, daphnia, tubifex, fruit flies, and so on.

Suggestions:

  • They require acidic water and acidity of the water should not be more than 6.8-7
  • Below 25o C temperature is preferable

7. Killifish

Until now, we have talked about the fishes for the beginners. However, to keep killifish, you will need some experience in your aquarium. Although, you can start the research from now on. Arguably, more than 700 species of killifish are available in the world.

Killifish

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Killifish:

  • A wide range of vibrant colors available. However, males are brighter than the females
  • Generally peaceful but can be aggressive towards another male of the same species
  • Can live with Non- aggressive fishes
  • The lifespan of killifish varies from species to species. Generally, it can live three months to 5 years
  • Have the ability to adapt themselves in different habitats and hardy
  • Most of the killifish species are Carnivores. Insects, larvae, crustaceans, and worms are their main food. They also eat daphnia, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae, tubifex worms and so on

Suggestions:

  • The water temperature for most of the Killifish requires 22o to 24o C or 72o to 75o F
  • A tank of 20 gallons is required for a pair of Killifish.

8. Kuhli Loach

You might mix this fish with a snake. However, it is similar to snakes, but the personalities are different. You may also find similarities with an eel. The scientific name of Kuhli loach is Pangio kuhlii.

Kuhli Loach

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Kuhli loach:

  • A wide range of vibrant colors available. However, males are brighter than the females
  • Generally peaceful but can be aggressive towards another male of the same species
  • Can live with Non- aggressive fishes
  • The lifespan of killifish varies from species to species. Generally, it can live three months to 5 years
  • Have the ability to adapt themselves in different habitats and hardy
  • Most of the killifish species are Carnivores. Insects, larvae, crustaceans, and worms are their main food. They also eat daphnia, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae, tubifex worms and so on

Suggestions:

  • The temperature should be 24o to 30o C or 75o to 86o C
  • Breeding Ratio of male: female is 2:1

9. Betta

For the first time, betta was discovered in Southeast part of Asia. It is special for the varieties of its tails. Among various tails, veil-tail is the most common one. The scientific name of betta is Betta splendens.

Betta

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Betta:

  • They are not like other community fishes and fights with one another. So, it’s better to have one betta in one tank
  • It contains long, eye-catching fins and exhibits a vibrant color which might attract you
  • The overall lifespan of betta is 2 to 3 years
  • You can train it to do some tricks
  • It can adapt to a diverse environment and sustain
  • The labyrinth let them breathe outside of the water
  • It eats brine shrimps, fish flakes, and bloodworms
  • They grow up to 3 inches

Suggestions:

  • The preferable temperature of the water is 72o to 82o F
  • One-third of the whole tank water should be replaced each time with fresh water

10. Goldfish

Goldfish is one of the most widespread fishes for aquariums. However, it’s not what you may have seen in the “Tom and Jerry” show. We have added it in the last of our top 10 aquarium fish because it is one of the most beautiful fishes for the aquariums.

Goldfish

Image Source: https://wikipedia.org

Characteristics of Gold Fish:

  • Their standard aquarium size is 5 to 10 centimeters or 2-4 inches. However, they can grow up to 14 inches in the wild
  • They prefer unheated aquariums
  • Comes in numerous sizes and various color available
  • They eat omnivores diet and prefer eating plants and tiny animals

Suggestions:

  • Please don’t keep them in a small bowl
  • The tank requires 10 to 15 percent water change and filtration

Conclusion

We have elucidated the top 10 aquarium fish above. I hope you will be able to select the right one for yourself according to the characteristics. You won’t need much time for the maintenance of these fishes. You can take care of them without any worries. We have also provided some useful suggestions to keep them healthy.

Thank you for your time reading about the top 10 aquarium fish. If you want to add any fish to the list, you can let us know via comments. Stay tuned for the latest updates. Take care and spread the goodness and keep visiting us if you are searching for more stuff like top 10 Aquarium fish for starters.

About the Author Kevin Fox

A passionate blogger! Editor at Chooserly, and a regular author at HuffingtonPost, LifeHacker & Forbes!

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